lunedì 19 maggio 2008

Atlas Experiment at CERN: Diagram of the Safety System


The detector safety system (DSS) of the ATLAS detector is getting ready for its important function – putting the detector in a safe state in case that a potentially dangerous situation arises during operation. Fernando Pedrosa, the engineer responsible for the safety system explains to ATLAS e-news its main features and what are the lasts steps towards the completion of it.
The DSS covers level 2 alarms, which protect the detector itself. With this purpose, there are independent sensors connected to the DSS racks to detect safety hazards: “If the sensors detect any anomaly, the alarms will go ON, triggering the actions required to bring the detector into safe state,” Fernando explains.
The majority of the sensors identify changes in the surrounding of the detector and in the services that allow its operation, such as availability of cooling, presence of smoke or flammable gas in the air, etc. A typical example of an action triggered by an alarm is to cut the high and the low voltage systems in case of a cooling failure.
The alarms can also be coupled to the sending of SMS or e-mail messages, but in any case, there is no need for an operator to take any action: “After the problem is understood and sorted out, the operator (SLIMOS) can acknowledge the DSS actions and only then the equipment can be switched ON again,” Fernando says.
The DSS was one of the first pieces of electronics installed in the ATLAS counting rooms. The first part of the alarm system was connected in February 2007, and ever since then, the DSS has gradually become operational in each of the ATLAS sub-detectors.
At the moment, the DSS team is finishing the installation of the safety system in the Liquid Argon and Tile calorimeters and they are now concentrating on the definition and implementation of safe state in the Muon system and the Inner Detector: “Because of the high sensitivity of the Inner Detector, more caution needs to be put in the definition of safe state of the different parts of it, in comparison to that of the more resistant sub-systems like the calorimeters,” Fernando says.
While planning the safety system, the DSS team has to take into account all the conditions that can damage the sub-system, such as high humidity and consequent condensation, power and cooling failures or fire: “Together with experts from the Inner Detector, we are designing a system that will put the detector in safe state when an alarm arises, but also ensuring that no DSS action will damage the system.”
The team expects to finish putting together the DSS in all the sub-detectors by middle of June: “It will depend on each system’s responses,” Fernando says. “But I’m confident we are converging to the right place in the right time.”

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